SAP Functional Modules ( Solutions ) Overview

All you heard about SAP ERP software . But confused about functional modules ? What is called a SAP Module or Which Module should I Select? Why there are several modules and what is the requirement for that. A lot of questions and doubts. Here is the answer with an overview about Modules in SAP.

sap modules overview introduction
A company has different functions right? It will have a sales department , marketing department, HR department, accounting section etc etc. You all know all these section handles different functions of a company and all are integrated with each other. For example HR department linked with financial ( accounting ) team for salary and other related things. Sales and Distribution need to link with material storage ( stores ) to check the balance stock and all. Different areas ( functions) of a company but all are interlinked for running as a single unit of company.

In SAP software all these functions are divided as Modules. SAP MM Module deals with material management sections , SAP SD module deal with Sales & Distribution etc. Now I am sure that you got the picture.

SAP now are moving away from describing their system as a set of modules, and now are using the term ‘solutions’, which is much better. Now let us look into an overview about the complete list of Modules ( Solutions ) in SAP.

  • Financials
  • Human Resources
  • Customer Relationship Management
  • Supplier Relationship Management
  • Product Lifecycle Management
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Business Intelligence

If you’re still looking for that list of sub-modules, here they are:

Sub Modules of FI Module – Financial Accounting

  • General ledger
  • Book close
  • Tax
  • Accounts receivable
  • Accounts payable
  • Consolidation
  • Special ledgers

Sub Modules of CO Module – Controlling 

  • Cost elements
  • Cost centres
  • Profit centres
  • Internal orders
  • Activity based costing
  • Product costing

Sub Modules of AM Module – Asset Management 

  • Purchase
  • Sale
  • Depreciation
  • Tracking

PS Module – Project Systems 

  • Make to order
  • Plant shut downs (as a project)
  • Third party billing (on the back of a project)

HR Module – Human Resources 

  • Employment history
  • Payroll
  • Training
  • Career management
  • Succession planning

PM Module – Plant Maintenance

  • Labour
  • Material
  • Down time and outages

MM Module – Materials Management 

  • Requisitions
  • Purchase orders
  • Goods receipts
  • Accounts payable
  • Inventory management
  • BOM’s
  • Master raw materials,finished goods etc

QM Module – Quality Management 

  • Planning
  • Execution
  • Inspections
  • Certificates

PP Module – Production Planning 

  • Capacity planning
  • Master production scheduling
  • Material requirements planning
  • Shop floor

SD Module – Sales and Distribution 

  • RFQ
  • Sales orders
  • Pricing
  • Picking (and other warehouse processes)
  • Packing
  • Shipping

CA Module- Cross Application 

  • WF – workflow
  • BW – business information warehouse
  • Office – for email
  • Workplace
  • Industry solutions
  • New Dimension products such as CRM, PLM, SRM, APO etc